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13 Papaya Benefits


Papaya is a highly delicious fruit, specially grown in tropical countries. The fruit is widely consumed for its vibrant color, soft flesh, and sweet taste.

Apart from external characteristics, papaya is one of the best medicines for several health conditions.

The fleshy and delicious fruit contains numerous essential vitamins and minerals that may benefit in lowering the risks and symptoms of multiple disorders.

Besides helping health, it has been a necessary part of the kitchen in cooking meat. Therefore, this article will list some of the vital benefits of papaya that you may not know.

Benefits Of Papaya

  1. Supplies Multiple Essential Nutrients

    Papaya is a famous fruit widely grown worldwide. But, the origin of the fruit is believed to be Central America and Southern Mexico.

    It is a delicious and highly nutritious fruit with multiple essential vitamins, minerals, and compounds.

    Papaya mainly contains[1] an active enzyme, papain, which helps break strong protein chains in muscle meat. Hence, you may have seen people using papaya to soften meat.

    Besides papain, papaya contains several nutrients like Vitamin-K, C, A, E, folate, potassium, calcium, and other trace elements.

    Additionally, papaya contains[2] an antioxidant, carotenoid, particularly lycopene, which helps in protecting the cells from free radicals.

    Moreover, the human digestive system absorbs these antioxidants better from papaya.

  2. May Have Anti-cancer Properties

    Papaya has been highly beneficial in reducing cancer risk. The antioxidant lycopene present in the fruit could help suppress cancer-causing agents.

    Moreover, the compound may benefit people getting cancer treatments. Regular papaya fruit consumption may show some visible anti-cancer activities in breast cancer cells.

    People consuming papaya or papaya juice daily may observe reduced colon and prostate cancer symptoms.

    Moreover, consuming fermented papaya juice could help lower[3] oxidative damage in people having inflammatory and precancerous symptoms.

    But, these statements would require further research for further recommendation.

  3. May Help Balance Blood Cholesterol Levels

    People with increased bad cholesterol levels are prone to severe medical conditions like heart attack, hypertension, stroke, etc. Here, papaya may act as a magical fruit to lower elevated cholesterol levels.

    Moreover, the fruit contains essential nutrients like fibers, antioxidants, and Vitamin C, which may prevent increasing cholesterol in the arteries.

    The fleshy fruit would help significantly lower[4] the LDL or bad cholesterol levels. Moreover, it may keep the HDL or good cholesterol levels normal for better health.

    The fibers found in papaya could help in improving digestion. Hence, better and smoother digestion would reduce bad cholesterol deposition in the bloodstream.

  4. May Improve Eye Health

    Papaya consumption is considered good for keeping the eyes healthy. Moreover, the fruit could help improve eyesight and prevent loss of sight.

    Papaya supplies a high amount of Vitamin A, which acts as an antioxidant in the body. Vitamin A has been highly helpful in improving an individual’s eye health.

    Moreover, the antioxidant properties of the Vitamin would help reduce[5] retina degeneration.

    Besides Vitamin A, the fruit contains beta-carotene that further converts into Vitamin A inside the body.

    Hence, you would have optimum Vitamin A concentration after consuming some grams of papaya.

    Papaya flesh also contains a powerful antioxidant, zeaxanthin, that may help improve[6] vision.

    The compound may help prevent macular degeneration and retinal damage by filtering UV light.

  5. Show Great Antioxidant Activities

    The human body creates free radicals during metabolic activities. These free radicals may cause oxidative stress, leading to certain diseases.

    Papaya contains certain antioxidants like carotenoids that could help[2] neutralize free radicals and prevent cell damage.

    Papaya lowers oxidative stress with the help of the compound lycopene. It also reduces the excessive iron concentration that helps produce free radicals.

    You may prevent or lower symptoms of certain medical conditions due to improved antioxidant activity in the body.

    People consuming fermented papaya may help reduce[7] oxidative stress in elderly people with mild hyperthyroidism and liver disease.

    Moreover, suppressing[8] free radical concentration would prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

  6. May Help Improve Heart Health

    Papaya consumption could help keep the heart healthy. Moreover, it would help lower symptoms of existing heart conditions.

    The delicious fruit contains a high amount of lycopene, Vitamin C, and other phytochemicals, which may have a role in protecting the heart.

    Generally, papaya compounds may help by enhancing the protective effect[9] of HDL or good cholesterol in the body.

    Moreover, you may experience reduced inflammatory reactions resulting in minimized chronic heart diseases, as per a study[10].

  7. May Improve Digestion

    You may consume cooked raw papaya or ripened papaya to boost the digestive system.

    Generally, papaya contains the primary compound papain, which may help boost an individual’s digestion.

    Eating papaya and meat together would help digest proteins faster in the gut.

    Moreover, the fruit contains several digestive enzymes that may help fasten the digestion. It could also protect the digestive tissue linings from degeneration.

    You may treat several digestive problems[11] like constipation and irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) by consuming raw papaya or juice.

    Moreover, people consuming a papaya-based formula for a few weeks may lower bloating issues.

    Besides the flesh, you may consider consuming seeds, roots, and leaves to treat ulcers.

    Hence, you may consider consuming a few slices of papaya an hour before the meal for smooth digestion.

  8. Could Help Tackle Diabetes

    Papaya is a sweet and delicious tropical fruit that may help lower[12] diabetic symptoms and minimize the risk of developing diabetes.

    Papaya contains a natural sweetener; hence, a characteristic sweet taste. But, irrespective of the sweetness, the fruit contains low sugar and glucose content.

    People consuming a few papaya slices may keep them full for longer and prevent consuming sugary or carbohydrate-rich food.

    Moreover, the high-quality nutrient content of papaya would help maintain optimum blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

  9. May Help Boost Immunity

    Papaya is one of the richest sources of Vitamin C. The whole papaya could supply up to 200% of an individual’s daily Vitamin C needs.

    Vitamin C is a significant nutrient that helps[2] boost an individual’s immunity. Hence, the deficiency may lead to several diseases like anemia, skin problems, weakness, etc.

    Moreover, Vitamin C helps in creating collagen fibers essential for connecting tissues.

    Besides Vitamin C, papaya supplies several minerals, like potassium, magnesium, folate, etc., that may help keep you healthy.

  10. May Promote Weight Loss

    Papaya could be a great fruit to boost the weight loss process. It is a low-calorie fruit with a high amount of fiber that may help reduce weight.

    Such high fiber content would keep you full for longer and prevent you from consuming extra calories.

    It would help keep the digestive tract and immune system healthy for all round weight loss.

    Moreover, these natural fibers help detoxify and cleanse the body for better health and fitness. You may also consume black seeds that may potentially prevent[13] weight gain.

    These tiny seeds could prevent the body from absorbing fat, reducing fat content in the body.

    Moreover, several properties like anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-dyslipidemia may help reduce lipid absorption, which is essential for weight loss.

  11. May Protect Skin

    Papaya contains skin-nourishing and anti-aging properties that may help you keep the skin glowing.

    The fruit contains many essential vitamins and minerals like vitamins C, A, E, and lycopene, which may help boost[14] skin health.

    All these compounds combined form a huge antioxidant dose that prevents the skin from harmful free radicals.

    The anti-aging properties of papaya prevent wrinkles, sagging, and skin dullness by making the skin tight and bright.

    Moreover, the fruit is a natural source of alpha-hydroxy acids that may help remove the layer of dead cells and nourishes them to form a thick and firm skin layer.

  12. May Lower Arthritis Symptoms

    Arthritis is a severe bone condition that is primarily seen in older people. But, the disease may occur at any age after adulthood.

    Here, papaya could be a beneficial fruit to lower arthritis risk and related symptoms.

    Papaya contains[8] a magical anti-inflammatory compound, papain, which may help reduce bone stiffness and pain.

    Moreover, regular papaya or juice consumption may increase calcium absorption in the body.

    Thus, you may get sufficient calcium required to keep the bones healthy and strong, resulting in low arthritis symptoms.

  13. Could Cure Menstrual Cycle Irregularities And Problems

    Menstrual cycle irregularities may occur due to several reasons like PCOS, stress, bad nutrition, etc.

    But, the irregular cycle could be a significant concern for many women. Here, papaya could be a beneficial fruit to maintain regularity.

    Papaya contains a beneficial compound, carotene, which would help regulate[15] estrogen hormone in the body, resulting in a regular menstrual cycle.

    Papaya could also help lower the severe period’s pain during the flow. Here, papaya may help by relaxing the uterine walls to ease the menstrual flow, reducing pain.


It would be hard to describe papaya benefits in a few lines. But, the fruit contains several unique compounds that an individual needs to stay healthy.

You may consume papaya via multiple recipes. But, the raw taste of ripened papaya is unmatchable for all the recipes.

Besides consuming raw, you may prepare papaya juice, curry, etc., for better taste and variety.

Although papaya is beneficial for health yet you may prefer consuming it in moderate quantity only to avoid any adverse effects.


Working4Health prefers using primary and verified references. We have strict sourcing guidelines and our primary references include peer-reviewed research, academic, and medical institution studies.

  1. Anne y Castro Marques, Mário Roberto Maróstica, Jr., and Gláucia Maria Pastore Some Nutritional, Technological and Environmental Advances in the Use of Enzymes in Meat Products Enzyme Res. 2010; 2010: 480923.Published online 2010 Sep 29. doi: 10.4061/2010/480923
  2. Kadry Mohamed Sadek ANTIOXIDANT AND IMMUNOSTIMULANT EFFECT OF CARICA PAPAYA LINN. AQUEOUS EXTRACT IN ACRYLAMIDE INTOXICATED RATS Acta Inform Med. 2012 Sep; 20(3): 180–185.doi: 10.5455/aim.2012.20.180-185
  3. Thao T T Nguyen, Paul N Shaw, Marie-Odile Parat, et al. Anticancer activity of Carica papaya: a review Mol Nutr Food Res. 2013 Jan;57(1):153-64. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201200388. Epub 2012 Dec 5. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23212988/
  4. Yasmeen Maniyar, Prabhu Bhixavatimath Antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic activities of aqueous extract of Carica papaya Linn. leaves in alloxan-induced diabetic rats J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2012 Apr;3(2):70-4. doi: 10.4103/0975-9476.96519. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22707862/
  5. Jana Sajovic, Andrej Meglič, Damjan Glavač, et al. The Role of Vitamin A in Retinal Diseases Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Feb; 23(3): 1014.Published online 2022 Jan 18. doi: 10.3390/ijms23031014
  6. El-Sayed M. Abdel-Aal, Humayoun Akhtar, Khalid Zaheer, et al. Dietary Sources of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Carotenoids and Their Role in Eye Health Nutrients. 2013 Apr; 5(4): 1169–1185.Published online 2013 Apr 9. doi: 10.3390/nu5041169
  7. Claudio Tomella, Roberto Catanzaro, Nicola Illuzzi, et al. The Hidden Phenomenon of Oxidative Stress During Treatment of Subclinical-Mild Hypothyroidism: A Protective Nutraceutical Intervention Rejuvenation Res. 2014 Apr 1; 17(2): 180–183.doi: 10.1089/rej.2013.1495
  8. Yew Rong Kong, Yong Xin Jong, Manisha Balakrishnan, et al. Beneficial Role of Carica papaya Extracts and Phytochemicals on Oxidative Stress and Related Diseases: A Mini Review Biology (Basel). 2021 Apr 1;10(4):287. doi: 10.3390/biology10040287. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33916114/
  9. Jane-Ann Daniels, Ciara Mulligan, David McCance, et al. A randomised controlled trial of increasing fruit and vegetable intake and how this influences the carotenoid concentration and activities of PON-1 and LCAT in HDL from subjects with type 2 diabetes Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2014 Jan 14;13:16. doi: 10.1186/1475-2840-13-16. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24423117/
  10. Jhoti Somanah, Okezie I Aruoma, Teeluck K Gunness, et al. Effects of a short term supplementation of a fermented papaya preparation on biomarkers of diabetes mellitus in a randomized Mauritian population Prev Med. 2012 May;54 Suppl:S90-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.01.014. Epub 2012 Feb 11. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22330753/
  11. Lidiani F. Santana, Aline C. Inada, Bruna Larissa Spontoni do Espirito Santo, et al. Nutraceutical Potential of Carica papaya in Metabolic Syndrome Nutrients. 2019 Jul; 11(7): 1608.Published online 2019 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/nu11071608
  12. Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop, Juan C Díaz-Zagoya, Jorge L Ble-Castillo, et al. Hypoglycemic effect of Carica papaya leaves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012; 12: 236.Published online 2012 Nov 28. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-236
  13. Phichittra Od-Ek, Wanwisa Deenin, Wachirawadee Malakul, et al. Anti-obesity effect of Carica papaya in high-fat diet fed rats Biomed Rep. 2020 Oct; 13(4): 30.Published online 2020 Jul 31. doi: 10.3892/br.2020.1337
  14. GIUSEPPE BERTUCCELLI, NICOLA ZERBINATI, MASSIMILIANO MARCELLINO, et al. Effect of a quality-controlled fermented nutraceutical on skin aging markers: An antioxidant-control, double-blind study Exp Ther Med. 2016 Mar; 11(3): 909–916.
    Published online 2016 Jan 20. doi: 10.3892/etm.2016.3011
  15. Adejoke Elizabeth Memudu and Tayo Jane Oluwole The contraceptive potential of Carica papaya seed on oestrus cycle, progesterone, and histomorphology of the Utero-ovarian tissue of adult wistar rats JBRA Assist Reprod. 2021 Jan-Mar; 25(1): 34–43.doi: 10.5935/1518-0557.20200023

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