You pick at your skin compulsively if you have a mental health condition known as Dermatillomania.
If you have this disorder, you won’t be able to stop picking at your skin. Other names for Dermatillomania include excoriation disorder and skin-picking disorder.
People who suffer from this disorder pick at their skin to correct flaws brought on by acne or other skin issues.
Bruises, scarring, infections, and tissue damage may result from this, which may cause anxiety, stress, and a diminished sense of wellbeing
A combination of self-help techniques, medication, and therapy is frequently effective in treating this condition.
You could perform the recommended treatment on your own, but in some circumstances, you may require medical attention.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, which may also use a method known as habit reversal training, is the most popular form of treatment for Dermatillomania.
It’s believed that talking therapy may also help people stop picking at their skin. In this article, we will be discussing all Dermatillomania therapy.
What Is Dermatillomania?
Skin lesions caused by repeated skin picking are referred to as Dermatillomania.
Clinically significant distress is brought on by the skin picking, and symptoms include a loss of self-control, embarrassment, and shame.
Along with other activities including compulsive cheek biting, hair pulling, and nail-biting, skin picking is categorized as a body-focused repetitive behavior (BFRB).
Due in part to their shared compulsive tendencies, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Dermatillomania are frequently associated.
It is distinguished by psychological distress in addition to physical harm. Even after numerous attempts to lessen or stop the skin plucking, it is uncontrollable.
People who suffer from this condition may spend hours considering picking before finally giving in.
Symptoms Of Dermatillomania
Pick At Your Skin Frequently
People with Dermatillomania, or skin-picking disorder, feel compelled to frequently pick at their skin.
Dermatillomania frequently causes tissue damage and occasionally even infection. The urge to pick is so strong that it could result in skin bruises.
Skin Rash While Anxious
Even the minuscule feeling of being stressed or worried may lead you to scratch your skin uncontrollably.
Scratch Your Skin
The person tries to stop picking because they are cognizant of how undesirable it is to pick. Therefore, a history of unsuccessful attempts to stop picking is one of the symptoms of Dermatillomania.
You may pick the skin from one or more bodily parts. The head, face, arms, cuticles, back, hands, feet, and legs are typical locations.
People typically remove the skin by picking it with their fingers and fingernails, but they may also pick at it with sharp objects like scissors or tweezers.
Causes Of Dermatillomania
Skin-picking disorder, or Dermatillomania, may occur as a result of,
- An injury, rash, or illness that develops a scab. People may scratch or pick at the scab until it bleeds and a new wound emerges because it itches while it heals. This behavior gradually develops into a habit.
- Given that the disorder frequently runs in families, genetics may play a role.
- Another factor in people with Dermatillomania may be mental health issues like body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
- Skin-picking problems have a high correlation with both anxiety and sadness. People who pick at their skin more frequently have more severe anxiety feelings. Depression follows the same pattern.
Treatment Of Dermatillomania
This may help you with Dermatillomania including lamotrigine which helps with uncontrollable muscle movements.
Antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) could be administered to treat mental health through your complication.
They are used to treat many conditions like bipolar disorder, dementia, and schizophrenia. Therefore, it is believed that antipsychotics may help treat similar mental conditions like Dermatillomania.
These may be necessary for those who have this condition to treat any potential infections as a result of skin picking.
Nutraceuticals like N-acetylcysteine, a nutrition-related product, may help reduce the urge to pick
Therapies For Dermatillomania
Habit Reversal Therapy
The symptoms of extreme skin picking may be reduced and managed with HRT, even though there is no known cure for the condition.
For treating body-focused repetitive disorders like Dermatillomania, HRT has long been regarded as the most successful method.
HRT works by assisting you in changing the undesirable behavior you want to stop into more desirable behavior. HRT could assist you in ending the cycle of picking and in discovering new coping mechanisms for triggers.
However, hardly everyone experiences success with HRT alone. skin-picking disorders are extremely diverse and have various effects on individuals. HRT may still play a significant role in treatment, despite this.
HRT has the advantage of being a simple practice to learn and apply. You may learn methods to conquer your urges to pick, whether you do it alone or with a therapist.
You could even try one of the enhanced HRT techniques with a therapist, like combining HRT with an additional technique like Athe CT.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
It is also known as CBT. The most popular type of psychotherapy for treating people with Dermatillomania is cognitive behavioral therapy.
An individual may recognize triggers and learn to modify their behaviors to stop or reduce skin picking through cognitive behavioral therapy.
When given to patients in a self-help format, cognitive behavioral interventions for the skin-picking disorder are very beneficial.
The brain structure of the person changes as they learn and practice new behaviors, making the previously learned behaviors automatic responses.
Another method, known as decoupling (DC), is effective in unlearning the habit of skin-picking and substituting healthy behavior for it.
People with Dermatillomania frequently experience intense shame and loneliness and are unable to open up to others about their struggles.
Therefore, group therapy may offer a valuable, secure setting where individuals with Dermatillomania could express and share experiences and feelings.
The support they get via talking in group therapy may help them with their skin-picking disorder.
Undiagnosed or misdiagnosed Dermatillomania frequently causes more harm than it is worth.
When seeking a therapist, look for someone who specializes in body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs).
They are knowledgeable about the most recent therapies and are skilled at conducting accurate assessments for behaviors and triggers.
Early treatment and less skin damage will be made possible in Dermatillomania by establishing an open environment where people do not have to hide their picking habits.
Finally, mental health specialists who focus on repetitive body-focused behaviors may instruct their patients on how to take care of their skin and introduce them to all the various treatments available.
A mental health specialist will comprehend that each experiences the disorder differently, and they could help you through the process of increasing your self-awareness and determining the kinds of treatments that will be effective for your particular circumstance.
Working4Health prefers using primary and verified references. We have strict sourcing guidelines and our primary references include peer-reviewed research, academic, and medical institution studies.
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Alisha Matthew has been a practicing nutritionist since 2016. She holds a master’s degree in nutrition from the University of IOWA. She is a staunch believer in improving the human health index by educating people about nutrition and the importance of nutrition in leading a healthy and happy life. Her long-term goal is to keep educating people on general health and keep herself updated with the latest trends in the field of health.